MARPOL ANNEX III Overview

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ANNEX III

REGULATIONS FOR THE PREVENTION OF POLLUTION

BY HARMFUL SUBSTANCES

CARRIED BY SEA IN PACKAGED FORM

 

APPLICATION (Reg. 1)

 

  • It applies to all ships carrying harmful substances in packaged form, including empty packagings which have been previously used for the carriage of such substances.
  • It does not apply to ship’s stores and equipment.
  • Harmful substances are identified as marine pollutants in the IMDG Code and also in accordance with the guidelines given in the Appendix.
  • “Packaged form” is a type of containment specified in the IMDG Code.
  • Each State shall issue detailed requirements for packing, marking, labelling, documentation, stowage, limitations of quantity and exceptions.

 

PACKING (Reg. 2)

 

Packages shall be adequate to minimise the hazard to the marine environment.

 

MARKING AND LABELLING (Reg. 3)

 

  • Packages shall be marked and labelled with the following :
  • Correct technical name of the substance.
  • An indication that it is a marine pollutant.
  • United Nations number.

 

  • Markings and labels shall be identifiable on packages which survive at least 3 months immersion in sea.
  • Packages containing small quantities of such substances may be exempted from the above requirements as stated in the IMDG Code.

 

DOCUMENTS (Reg. 4)

 

  • All documents shall use the correct technical name of the substance alongwith the words “Marine Pollutant”.
  • Shipper’s document shall include a certificate stating that the shipment offered is properly packaged, marked and labelled/placard as appropriate, and in proper condition for carriage.
  • The ship shall prepare a special list, manifest or detailed stowage plan stating the location of the harmful substances on board. A copy of this document shall be retained by the owner till the substances are unloaded, and another copy shall be given to the Port State authority before departure. This shall be done even at intermediate ports where partial loading or unloading of such substances is carried out.  (Interpretation 1)
  • The above document may be combined with the document for dangerous goods required by the SOLAS convention. If this is done then a clear distinction shall be made between the dangerous goods and harmful substances.

 

STOWAGE (Reg. 5)

 

These substances shall be properly stowed and secured to minimise the hazard to the environment without impairing safety of the ship and persons.

 

QUANTITY LIMITATIONS (Reg. 6)

 

Certain substances may be prohibited, or the quantity may be limited, for carriage on board any ship, depending on the following considerations:

  • Scientific and technical data.
  • Size, construction and equipment of the ship.
  • Packaging and inherent nature of the substances.

 

DISCHARGE OVERBOARD (Reg. 7)

 

  • Jettisoning of such substances is prohibited except for safety of the ship or saving life. 
  • Washing of leakages overboard shall be regulated, without impairing the safety of the ship and persons, depending on the physical, chemical and biological properties of the substances.

 

PORT STATE CONTROL (Reg. 8)

 

  • Ship is subject to Port State inspection if there are clear grounds for believing that the Master or crew are not familiar with essential shipboard procedures relating to pollution prevention.
  • In such a case the ship shall not sail until it complies with requirements of this Annex.
  • Port State control procedures prescribed in Article 5 of this Convention and Res. A.787(19) as amended by A.882(21) shall apply.  

 

Garbage Management Plan and Garbage Record Book

GARBAGE MANAGEMENT PLAN 

 

  • Every ship of GT ≥ 400 tons, and every ship certified to carry ≥ 15 persons, shall carry this plan which shall be prepared in accordance with Res. MEPC.71(38) and MEPC/Circ.317.
  • It shall be written in the working language of the crew.
  • It shall contain the following details :
  • Procedures for collecting, storing, processing and disposing garbage.
  • Use of the equipment on board.
  • Name of the designated person in charge of carrying out the plan.

 

shipmates-GRB

 

GARBAGE RECORD BOOK

 

  • Every ship of GT ≥ 400 tons, and every ship certified to carry ≥ 15 persons, when engaged on international voyages, and every fixed and floating platform, shall be provided with a GRB in accordance with format prescribed in the appendix.
  • Each discharge or incineration operation shall be recorded in it and signed by the officer in charge. Each completed page shall be signed by the Master.
  • Entries shall be in the official language of Flag State and also in English, French or Spanish.
  • Entry shall include the following items : (Refer appendix)
  • Date and time.
  • Position of the ship. (Start and stop positions when discharging cargo residues)
  • Description of the garbage.
  • Amount (m3) incinerated, discharged at sea, to reception facility or to other ships.
  • Name of the port, facility or ship to which the garbage was discharged.
  • Amount escaped or accidentally lost and the reasons for the same.

 

  • Master should obtain a receipt from the reception facility or ship receiving the garbage.
  • GRB and the receipt shall be preserved on board for 2 years after the last entry.
  • Flag State may exempt the following from having the GRB :
  • Ship certified to carry ≥ 15 persons and engaged on voyages of duration ≤ 1 hour.
  • Fixed or floating platform.

 

  • Competent authority of any State may inspect the GRB and obtain a certified copy of it from the Master, without unduly delaying the ship.

 

FUMIGATION onboard ships

INSECTS AND RODENTS ARE NOT ONLY A NUISANCE ON VESSELS BUT THEY ALSO CAUSE HARM BY SPREADING DISEASE AND INFECTION. THEY MAY CONTAMINATE FOOD AND STORAGE AND PREPARATION AND CAUSE DAMAGE TO CARGOES, RESULTING IN COMMERCIAL LOSSES. RODENTS ARE TO BE CONTROLLED TO PREVENT SPREAD OF DISEASE. FUMIGATION IS USED TO CONTROL INSECTS, PESTS AND RODENTS.

 

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS WHILE FUMIGATING A SHIP:

 shipmates-fumigation-warning

FUMIGATION IN PORT

  1. THE FUMIGATION, VENTILATION AND DISPERSION OF GAS SHOULD BE COMPLETED IN PORT,
  2. BEFORE FUMIGATION THE HATCHES ARE TO BE CHECKED THAT THEY CAN BE MADE GAS TIGHT, SPECIAL ATTENTION IS TO BE MADE TO BE PAID TO BILGES AND CARGO LINES,
  3. NO ONE IS TO BE ALLOWED ONBOARD UNTIL THE SHIP IS CERTIFIED GAS FREE BY THE FUMIGATOR INCHARGE AND TESTING AND MONITORING IS CARRIED OUT TO ENSURE CONCENTRATION AND TLV IS NOT EXCEEDED,
  4. IF CREW ARE REQUIRED IN OPENING/CLOSING OF HATCHES THEY MUST BE PROVIDED WITH RESPIRATORY PROTECTION AND IF REQUIRED TO LIVE ONBOARD, THEIR ACCOMODATION MUST BE CERTIFIED GAS-FREE BY THE FUMIGATORS.

 

shipmates-fumigation 

FUMIGATION IN TRANSIT

  1. THE SHIP SHOULD CARRY GAS DETECTION EQUIPMENTS, 4 SETS OF PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENTS, A COPY OF MFAG, NECESSARY MEDICINES AND MEDICAL EQUIPMENT AND INSTRUCTIONS FOR DISPOSAL OF RESIDUAL FUMIGANT MATERIAL,
  2. AFTER FUMIGATION A CHECK OF THE ACCOMODATION, ENGINE ROOM AND OTHER WORKING SPACES MUST BE DONE YO ENSURE THAT THEY ARE FREE FROM HARMFUL CONCENTRATIONS OF GAS,
  3. THE SAILING OF THE SHIP IS TO BE DELAYED OR THE FUMIGATOR KEPT ONBOARD FOR A PERIOD TO ALLOW THE GAS TO REACH A HIGH CONCENTRATION INSIDE THE HOLD SO THAT IT IS POSSIBLE TO DETECT ANY LEAKAGE,
  4. GAS DETECTION EQUIPMENT AND TEST KITS SHOULD BE SUPPLIED WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR USAGE,
  5. GAS MONITORING IN APPROPRIATE LOCATIONS SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT AT 8 HOUR INTERVALS AND THE READING ENTERED IN THE SHIP’S LOGBOOK,
  6. THE SEALED HOLD SHOULD NEVER BE OPENED AT SEA. ENTRY INTO THE HOLD OF THE SHIP UNDER FUMIGATION SHOULD BE ALLOWED ONLY IN EMERGENCY AND WITH PROPER SAFETY EQUIPMENTS,,
  7. ATLEAST 24 HOURS NOTICE TO BE GIVEN TO PORT AUTHORITIES PRIOR ARRIVAL OF A SHIP WITH FUMIGATION-IN-TRANSIT. MONITORING TO BE CARRIED OUT, AND THE READINGS ENTERED IN THE LOG BOOK,
  8. ONLY MECHANICAL DISCHARGE IS PERMITTED IN A FUMIGATED HOLD AND WHEN THE HOLDS ARE COMPLETELY GAS FREE AFTER DISCHARGE, ALL WARNING NOTICES MUST BE REMOVED AND THE FACT ENTERED IN THE LOG BOOK,
  9. REMEMBER PESTICIDES ARE POISONOUS TO HUMANS AND PESTS. SO READ INSTRUCTION PROPERLY AND FOLLOW THEM, ESPECIALLY THOSE RELATING TO SAFETY,
  10. NEVER STOW PESTICIDES IN ACCOMODATION, GALLEY OR FOOD STORES,
  11. NEVER EAT OR SMOKE WHILE USING PESTICIDES,
  12. NEVER RE-USE EMPTY CONTAINERS,
  13. WEAR PROTECTIVE CLOTHING GLOVES, RESPIRATORS, GOGGLES ETC AND DO NOT REMOVE THESE UNDER HOT AND HUMID CONDITIONS. IF CLOTHING IS CONTAINED, STOP WORK LEAVE THE AREA, REMOVE CLOTHING, TAKE A SHOWER AND WASH SKIN PROPERLY AND WASH CLOTHING,
  14. WHEN SPRAYING IS CARRIED OUT BY SHORE OPERATORS, THEIR INSTRUCTIONS MUST BE STRICTLY FOLLOWED AND NO ONE SHOULD ENTER THE FUMIGATED AREA UNTIL IT IS SAFE TO DO SO.